Last yearend, a lady, living in Santiago de Compostela, Spain, introduced on the Facebook an interesting article carried on INDEPENDENT, UK, titled "Japan hopes to follow Camino de Santiago's path to marketing success with 750-mile Buddhist pilgrimage".
I have tried to translate it into Japanese for myself and who may be happy to know it.
There probably are several incorrect translations and non-understandable sentences in my work. Please forgive me since it is the limit of my ability.
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For centuries, religious pilgrims, and latterly thrill-seekers and those wanting to “find themselves”, have undertaken a month-long trek across northern Spain, along the Camino de Santiago.

Few, if any, of the 200,000 or so people who complete the walk each year will realise that it is now being used as a blueprint to market and promote others around the world. The latest is Japan, which is hoping to use the popularity of the Camino to sell its own pilgrimage, the Way of the 88 Temples, a 750-mile path through the island of Shikoku’s Buddhist past.

Both walks have their roots in religious experience. The Camino de Santiago, or Way of St James, actually covers several routes through northern Spain, which eventually lead to the magnificent cathedral at Santiago de Compostela. The cathedral is the supposed resting place of James the Apostle, whose remains were said to have been brought to Spain and interred in a crypt after he was beheaded in Jerusalem in AD44.




What will interest the Japanese tourist authorities more than the legend of St James, however, is the success that their counterparts in Spain have had at marketing the Camino. The city of Santiago is taken over by walking shops and souvenir outlets selling T-shirts and furry toys linked to the Camino; the hotels and hostels do a roaring trade.

Back in the 1980s, however, no more than a trickle of people travelled to Spain for the walk. In the Middle Ages, it was a well-travelled route but, over the centuries, the black death, the Protestant reformation, wars in Europe and the Spanish dictatorship, meant that the popularity of the Camino fell in decline.


 しかし1980年代にさかのぼりますと、当時スペインを歩いて旅する人はほんの少しでした。はるか中世では、この道は旅に適していたのですが、世紀をまたいで、ペスト(black death)、宗教改革、ヨーロッパとスペインの覇権争いといった出来事が巡礼路を衰退させていきました。

Comparison between
Camino de Santiago and Way of the 88 Temples
Camino de Santiago Way of the 88 Temples
Distance 478 miles (along the most popular route, the French way) 750 miles
Religious Significance a Catholic pilgrimage that ends at the cathedral in Santiago de Compostela, the supposed final resting place of James the Apostle a Buddhist tradition. The walk was supposedly completed by the famous Buddhist monk Kukai
Number of pilgrims each year approximately 200,000 about 500,000, mainly Japanese
The clothes modern hiking gear. Waterproofs are especially important white shirts and sedge hats
Time needed to complete about a month about a month
Alternative modes of transport bikes, and now the Spanish state railway company offers a luxury train journey as an alternative Some pilgrims give up on the walking and take a taxi.
サンチャゴ 四国八十八箇所
距離 478マイル(765 km)
750マイル(1,200 km)
宗教的重要性 サンチャゴ大聖堂が終点のカトリック巡礼路(伝道師ジェームズの安息所) 仏教
巡礼者 約20万人・年 約50万人・年
服装 ハイキング姿(防水であること) 白装束、菅笠
所要日数 約1ヶ月 約1ヶ月
徒歩以外の手段 バイク 最近は鉄道による豪華な旅を味わえる。 徒歩をあきらめて、タクシーを利用する人たちもいる。
Concerned that the walk would be lost for ever, the authorities in Galicia, the north-western Spanish region that is home to Santiago de Compostela, began a campaign to reinvigorate the Camino.

The vast majority of those who complete the Camino these days are foreigners. It was recognised as a “European cultural route” in 1987 and later was named a Unesco world heritage site.
The turnaround has been an obvious success and it is this that the Japanese want to tap in to. Alberto Núñez Feijóo, the head of the Galician government, and his counterpart from Japan’s Kagawa province, an area on Shikoku island, held a meeting in November and agreed to work together to promote the Japanese pilgrimage. Almost half a million Japanese tourists visit Spain each year.

The ultimate goal, according to the Japanese, is to have the Way of the 88 Temples “recognised as a world heritage site, based on learning from the long and abundant experience that the Camino de Santiago possesses”.




It would seem that they are already en route to achieving that goal. The Shikoku trek already has a number its own customs and traditions: many of the walkers wear white clothes, topped off with sedge hats. That said, if the Camino is at least in part a test of human stamina, many of those who complete the Japanese trail today use cars, bikes or even taxis. About half a million pilgrims walk the circular Japanese route each year, but the vast majority are Japanese.

Traditionally, pilgrims complete the walk in a clockwise direction, but it has recently been considered good luck to complete the route the other way round.

”Camino de Santiago's Success"

English Reading: 9' 48"




和文朗読: 8分31秒
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